Difference Between Altruism and Prosocial Behavior

Main Difference – Altruism vs Prosocial Behavior

Since altruism and prosocial behavior are two concepts in psychology which are closely related to each other, many people find it difficult to differentiate them. According to psychologists, both these terms are related to helping others in need, with a very significant factor of demarcation, involving mind. The main difference between altruism and prosocial behavior is that prosocial behavior is a broader term to refer to behavior that is meant to help others and altruism is a form prosocial behavior.Difference Between Altruism and Prosocial Behavior - infographic

What is Prosocial Behavior

Prosocial behavior is known as the helping nature of an individual; people with prosocial behavior help those seeking for support, with or without any cost. This is a very positive and constructive action which is also referred to as the opposite of anti-social behavior. For example, the act of helping a beggar on the road by giving him food and clothes is considered to be a way of prosocial behavior. However, these actions can either occur due to pure and true feelings of selflessness kind or due to other selfish and internally demanding motives. 

For example, psychologists who provide counseling therapy are known to be rich with an immense empathy and innate care towards their patients who are in need of help. Undoubtedly, they use their full theoretical knowledge, practical modes of therapy and effort to help these patients. But, at the end of these sessions, they charge some amount of money for their time and energy. This is what exactly prosocial behavior is, where both parties involved gain benefits at the end of the day.

Kin selection is one of the theories which have been suggested by evolutionary psychologists to describe why people engage in prosocial behavioral patterns. According to this theory, we often tend to help people who are related to us in order to maintain the sustainability of genetic makeup for the future. Reciprocity norm, which is the other theory put forward, describes that people practice these measures of helping others with the sole expectation of getting it back one day when they also need help. However, there are several types of prosocial behaviors, and Altruism is one of them.

Main Difference - Altruism vs Prosocial Behavior

What is Altruism

Altruism is a form of prosocial behavior, which is used to describe a person who is helping someone with no intention of having any internal or external reward in return. Some psychologists suggest that altruism is a key motivation for prosocial behavior. These people will often go out of the way to help others who are either physically, socially or psychologically weak. This is really the purest and most selfless form of prosocial behavior. Some people doubt whether it is realistic to have such type of personalities with extremely helpful characteristics. But, historical evidence proves that there have been numerous people who risked their lives with the intention of saving lives during the time of war.

Difference Between Altruism and Prosocial Behavior

Difference Between Altruism and Prosocial Behavior


Prosocial Behavior: Prosocial behavior is an action which is carried out to help someone in need, with the intention of an internal or external reward.

Altruism: People with altruism, will never ever demand anything in return for what they do for others and put their whole selves in the betterment and well-being of the mankind at no cost.

Selfishness vs selflessness

Prosocial Behavior: Selfishness may be involved in prosocial behavior.

Altruism: Altruism is always associated with selflessness.

 Image Courtesy:

“Helping the homeless” by Ed Yourdon from New York City, USA – Uploaded by Gary Dee via

“Belisaire demandant l’aumone Jacques-Louis David”  – Own work, Remi Jouan, 2007-03, (Public Domain) via

About the Author: Embogama

Embogama is a passionate freelance writer for several years. Her areas of interest include general medicine, clinical medicine, health and fitness, Ayurveda medicine, psychology, counseling and piano music

Related pages

distinguish between aldehydes and ketonesmicrometer vs caliperwhat is the difference between herbivores carnivores and omnivoresdistinguish between distance and displacementdefine enunciatedifference between flu and meningitis symptomsis factory a nounphotoautotrophs usesymbolic imagerytracheotomy tracheostomy differencedistinction between language and dialectdifference between a pancake and a crepewhat is the difference between annex and appendixdifference between a calzone and a strombolihow to calculate cpi equationmadame french meaningdifference between carcinoma and sarcomaprotoplamkaryokinesis in mitosisintrons and exons definitiondefinition of double covalent bonddifference between presume and assumedeuterostomesinelastic vs elastic collisionbinary fission yeaststructure of rubbing alcoholdifference between assimilation and accommodationgalvanometer and ammeterlitotes literary definitionformula for petroleum etherdifference between descriptive and narrative writingdefinition anabolismaromatic compounds definitiondifference between sexual and asexual reproductiondifference between history and prehistorywhy are monounsaturated fats better than polyunsaturateddefine internal and external respirationdistinguish between p-type and n-type semiconductorpossessive pronouns and possessive adjectivesdifferentiate between prokaryotes and eukaryotesdifference in turtle and tortoisemerle american bullydifference between sem and tem microscopeimperative and declarative sentencesexplain effects of neurotransmission on human behaviordifference between hypotonic and isotonicdifference between race ethnicity and nationalityproperties of thermosetting plastics pdfliteral and figurative languagewhat is difference between torque and horsepowerwhat is vascular plants and nonvascular plantsdifference between unicellular and multicellulardefinition of granulocytesheterogeneous substance definitionexample of indefinite pronounsthe definition of cytoplasmthe difference between alliteration and assonancedefinition monomersdefine atomic orbital in chemistrydefine covalent compounddifference between fractional and simple distillationwhat's hypomanialysosome characteristicssaffron color in indian flagwhat does vaporization meanmeristematic tissue in plantselk caribou differencedifference between bacon and hamis mercury a inner or outer planetwhat is the difference between manic depressive and bipolardizygotic twinsdifference between pitbull and american pitbullenunciate defineneutrophils basophils and eosinophils are collectively referred to asnonpolar definition chemistrydifference between body lotion and moisturiser