Difference Between Altruism and Prosocial Behavior

Main Difference – Altruism vs Prosocial Behavior

Since altruism and prosocial behavior are two concepts in psychology which are closely related to each other, many people find it difficult to differentiate them. According to psychologists, both these terms are related to helping others in need, with a very significant factor of demarcation, involving mind. The main difference between altruism and prosocial behavior is that prosocial behavior is a broader term to refer to behavior that is meant to help others and altruism is a form prosocial behavior.Difference Between Altruism and Prosocial Behavior - infographic

What is Prosocial Behavior

Prosocial behavior is known as the helping nature of an individual; people with prosocial behavior help those seeking for support, with or without any cost. This is a very positive and constructive action which is also referred to as the opposite of anti-social behavior. For example, the act of helping a beggar on the road by giving him food and clothes is considered to be a way of prosocial behavior. However, these actions can either occur due to pure and true feelings of selflessness kind or due to other selfish and internally demanding motives. 

For example, psychologists who provide counseling therapy are known to be rich with an immense empathy and innate care towards their patients who are in need of help. Undoubtedly, they use their full theoretical knowledge, practical modes of therapy and effort to help these patients. But, at the end of these sessions, they charge some amount of money for their time and energy. This is what exactly prosocial behavior is, where both parties involved gain benefits at the end of the day.

Kin selection is one of the theories which have been suggested by evolutionary psychologists to describe why people engage in prosocial behavioral patterns. According to this theory, we often tend to help people who are related to us in order to maintain the sustainability of genetic makeup for the future. Reciprocity norm, which is the other theory put forward, describes that people practice these measures of helping others with the sole expectation of getting it back one day when they also need help. However, there are several types of prosocial behaviors, and Altruism is one of them.

Main Difference - Altruism vs Prosocial Behavior

What is Altruism

Altruism is a form of prosocial behavior, which is used to describe a person who is helping someone with no intention of having any internal or external reward in return. Some psychologists suggest that altruism is a key motivation for prosocial behavior. These people will often go out of the way to help others who are either physically, socially or psychologically weak. This is really the purest and most selfless form of prosocial behavior. Some people doubt whether it is realistic to have such type of personalities with extremely helpful characteristics. But, historical evidence proves that there have been numerous people who risked their lives with the intention of saving lives during the time of war.

Difference Between Altruism and Prosocial Behavior

Difference Between Altruism and Prosocial Behavior

Rewarding

Prosocial Behavior: Prosocial behavior is an action which is carried out to help someone in need, with the intention of an internal or external reward.

Altruism: People with altruism, will never ever demand anything in return for what they do for others and put their whole selves in the betterment and well-being of the mankind at no cost.

Selfishness vs selflessness

Prosocial Behavior: Selfishness may be involved in prosocial behavior.

Altruism: Altruism is always associated with selflessness.

 Image Courtesy:

“Helping the homeless” by Ed Yourdon from New York City, USA – Uploaded by Gary Dee via

“Belisaire demandant l’aumone Jacques-Louis David”  – Own work, Remi Jouan, 2007-03, (Public Domain) via

About the Author: Embogama

Embogama is a passionate freelance writer for several years. Her areas of interest include general medicine, clinical medicine, health and fitness, Ayurveda medicine, psychology, counseling and piano music


Related pages


difference between bias and prejudicephysical properties of carbohydrateswhat does the prefix micro meanthe ugly duckling story summarydistillation definition chemistryshiba inu sheddingwire haired dutch shepherdmanic depressive vs bipolarattributive predicativeaffirmative to negative sentencesdifference between emigrant and immigrantdifference between phosphorescence and fluorescencetime difference between pst and utcserfs and peasantsadverse v aversereflecting telescope vs refracting telescopewhat is the definition of polyploidyasyndeton literary termchampagne versus winewhat is the difference between meiosis and mitosiscommiseratedcompulsions and obsessionsjaundice in hepatitiswhat is the difference between a cathedral and a basilicatotipotent cellsthe lottery by shirley jackson foreshadowingbull vs english mastiffwhat are the type of chemical reactionstars on aussie flagdefine aldehydeglycogen cellulose and starch are allreciprocating pump efficiencyabsorption costing formuladeist vs atheistannealing vs normalizingdefine helping verbsconceit in metaphysical poetrydifference between verbal communication and non verbal communicationmilled steel definitionbipolar and manic depression differenceresonance structuresnpn vs pnp transistorantithesis definition and exampleslevis redloop shirtsdefinition of recession and depressionfleece definewhat's the difference between atheist and agnosticwilliam james functionalism theorytensile strength at yield definitionwhats a cationpetroleum ether structural formuladerealization is defined asexample of indefinite pronoun singulardifference between isotonic hypertonic and hypotonicagonist and antagonist definitiondiethyl ether soluble in waterhow to prepare trial balance from ledgera consonant soundexamples of heterogeneous mixturesleast count of micrometerdefine transitive and intransitive verbsdefine constructive wavesexamples of typical antipsychoticsinterogative adjectivesaural meaningribose chemical formuladefine absorption costinghow to use a micrometer caliperactive v passive transportlevis 501 fakethe difference between constructive and destructive interferencedefinition of sliding friction in physicsmonomer of polystyrenecharacteristics of a shakespearean tragic heromadame defineagnostic gnosticwhat is the difference between a seizure and epilepsyhow to calculate bank reconciliation statementdifference between structuralism and functionalismwhat is the difference between whisky and rumaccomodation assimilationfinding boiling pointdefinition of catabolism and anabolismdefine pathos in literatureagranulocytes that produce antibodieslilac definitionwhat are sn1 and sn2 reactions