Difference Between Archetype and Stereotype

Main Difference – Archetype vs Stereotype

Many people confuse the two terms Archetype and Stereotype as they look and sound similar. However, there is a distinct difference between archetype and stereotype. An Archetype can be a character, a theme, a symbol or even a situation whereas a stereotype (in fiction) usually refers to a character with generalized character traits. This is the main difference between archetype and stereotype.

What is Archetype

Archetype is a constantly recurring symbol or motif in literature that represents universal patterns of human nature. The word archetype also means the original pattern from which copies are made. In literature, the archetype can be a character, an action or a situation that represent common human nature.

Archetypes, which represent individual human cultures as well as the entire human race, shape the structure of a literary work. Archetypes help the readers to relate and identify the characters and situations in a book. It is also the writer’s way of imparting realism.

Let us now look at some examples of archetypes. Hero and villain are good examples of character archetypes. The hero fights against evil to restore peace, harmony and justice to the society whereas the villain is the main opposition to the hero. We find heroes and villains in many stories. For example,

Villain: Voldemort, Professor Moriarty, Captain Hook, Sauron, Shere Khan, etc.

Hero: Beowulf, Harry Potter, Frodo, Superman, Hercules, Achilles, Sherlock Holmes, etc.

If you look at each of these heroes, you’ll note that although they have different characteristics and qualities, and belong to different ages, cultures and time periods, they are also the same; they all predominantly exhibit goodness and fight against the evil.

We also find other archetype characters in literature such as the mother figure, mentor, doppelganger, mentor, healer, rebel, etc.

Archetypes situations or actions include journeys (physical or emotional journey comprehend his or her personality and the nature of the world), good vs evil, quests, fall, etc.

Difference Between Archetype and Stereotype

Archetypes of hero, villain, and damsel in distress

What is Stereotype

A stereotype is a character with generalized character traits. Stereotypes may seem like an oversimplified representation of a type, gender, religious group, class, or occupation.

In literature, the minor characters of a novel are often portrayed as stereotypical characters; they are often flat characters who do not go through a considerable growth or transformation in the course of the narrative. Stereotypical characters have recognizable character traits.

For example, if we say, mother, a certain image is formed in our mind; we imagine a kind, warm, loving, nurturing woman. But these qualities are not found in every mother; a mother can also be cruel, cold and selfish as well. For examples from literature, let’s look at the character of a stepmother in fiction. In fiction, stepmothers are often portrayed as cruel and wicked; for example, look at the character of step mother in stories like Cinderella, Snow White, and Hansel and Gretel. This can be indicated as an example of stereotypical character.Main Difference -Archetype vs Stereotype

Difference Between Archetype and Stereotype

Definition

Archetype is a recurring symbol or motif in literature that represents universal patterns of human nature.

Stereotype is a character with generalized character traits.

Type of Character

Archetypes can be dynamic or static, round or flat, or major or minor.

Stereotypes are mostly used to portray supporting  characters, characterized by flatness.

Character

Archetype is a prototype of a character; it is a base on which a character can be build.

Stereotype is an oversimplified representation of a character.

Type

Archetype can be a character, situation or an action.

Stereotypes are often characters.Difference Between Archetype and Stereotype- infographic

Image Courtesy:

“Chivalry” By Frank Dicksee – Art Renewal Center (Public Domain)

About the Author: admin


Related pages


what is the difference between metaphor and similedifference between narcolepsy and cataplexyrefractor telescope diagramexamples of homonymesdifference between vowels and consonantsparable of the good samaritan lessonhow to tell if a pokemon card is realagoraphobia and social anxietyeukaryotic dna polymerasedifference between coffee latte and cappuccinoppf assumptionswhat is the formula for ethanoic aciddifference between bipolar and unipolarmam sir spellingdifference stack and queuemolecular weight hexanedefinition of organic and inorganic chemistrycytokinesis plantdifference between gametes and zygoteshow do saturated fats differ from unsaturated fatsmoral of snow whitewhat is the capital city of abu dhabidifference between mphil and phdmeaning of forgoshark is a mammal or fishdenotative meaning of homestatic frictional force definitiondifference between gram positive and negative cell wallscallions definitionspell madamdefine phototrophswhat are the differences between conduction convection and radiationwhat is the meaning of assonance in poetrywhat is a monocot seedducks vs geesedefinition chloroplastdefinition of receptive languagewhat is the difference between cold sores and fever blisterscauses of orthopneapredicate nominative examplefructose linear structureugly duckling story summarydifference in mitosis and meiosisantithesis in literaturewhat is fennel seeds in tamilminiature dachshund factssentence with consonancedifference between molar mass and molecular weightimperial tonneparamagnetic ferromagnetic diamagneticwhat is the difference between sexual and asexualstereotypical heromeaning of the word madamwhat major works did chaucer write in middle englishdifference between sharks and fishdefinition for passive transportexamples of allegory in literaturedifference between mexican and hispanicjuxtaposition examples in literaturedotsons dogburgundy definitionfootnote format apaplant cell vesiclesmonoecious plantsserfs in medieval timesdifference between soda bicarbonate and baking sodadifference between nerd and geekcalzone vs strombolipiaget adaptationhow to calculate air resistanceregular polygons definitionwhat is an initialismsimilarities between prose and poetry3rd person omniscient examplepedantic dictionwhat is the difference between a goose and a geese