Difference Between Bevel and Chamfer

Main Difference – Bevel vs Chamfer 

Bevel and chamfer are commonly used terms in fields like carpentry, metalwork, and stonework. The two terms are often used interchangeably in general usage. Both refer to an edge of a structure that is not perpendicular to the faces of the object. But in technical usage, there is a difference between bevel and chamfer. Chamfer is a cut that is usually made at a 45° angle to the adjacent principal faces whereas bevel is a sloping edge between two principle faces. This is the main difference between Bevel and Chamfer.

What is a Bevel

Bevel is a sloped edge that is not perpendicular to the faces of an object. Bevel is the more common term out of bevel and chamfer. Although these two terms are often interchangeable, a distinction is made between them in technical situations.

Bevels are usually made for safety reasons, aesthetics, wear resistance, or to facilitate joining with another piece. Many cutting tools are made with beveled edges. Furniture such as glass top tables and mirrors are also made with beveled edges for protection against cuts.

The image below, which demonstrates side views of two the edges, clearly indicates the difference between bevel and chamfer.

Main Difference - Bevel vs Chamfer

Bevel – above,     Chamfer – below

What is a Chamfer

Even though chamfer is similar to a bevel, it connotes cutting, and its shape is slightly different from a bevel. This edge is usually cut at a 45° angle to the adjacent faces. Therefore, the interior of a fully chamfered square would be octagonal. A chamfered edge that does not go to the end of the piece, but lifts out in a smooth curve, the end is called a lark’s tongue.

This term is commonly used in manufacturing and mechanical engineering. Tools like chamfer mills and chamfer planes can also be used to make chamfers. Chamfered edges are used for aesthetic purposes as well as non-aesthetic purposes. Apart from aesthetic purposes, chamfered edges are used in parabolic glass mirror design and printed circuit board designs.Difference Between Bevel and Chamfer

Difference Between Bevel and Chamfer 

Definition

Bevel is a sloping edge between two principle faces.

Chamfer is a cut that is usually made at a 45° angle to the adjacent principal faces.

Tools

Beveled edges can be made with a bevel tools.

Chamfered edges can be made with chamfer tools.

Interior

The interior of a Bevel would be a rhombus.

The interior of a Chamfer would be an octagon.

Connotation

Bevel does not necessarily connote a cut.

Chamfer connotes a cut.Difference Between Bevel and Chamfer - infographic

Image Courtesy:

“Side views of a bevel and a ” by domdomegg – Own work, via

“Chamfer” (Public Domain) via  

About the Author: Hasa

Hasa has a BA degree in English, French and Translation studies. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food.


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