Difference Between Body Language and Paralanguage

Main Difference – Body Language vs Paralanguage

Nonverbal communication is the exchange of information without words. Body language and paralanguage are two important categories of nonverbal communication. Body language refers to gestures, facial expressions, and postures of a person. Paralanguage refers to nonlexical components of speech such as pitch, tone, intonation, volume, pauses, etc. The main difference between body language and paralanguage is that body language analyses the movements and poses of the whole body whereas paralanguage observes the nonverbal components of speech.

What is Body Language

Body language is a type of nonverbal communication. In body language, the feelings and intentions are consciously or unconsciously expressed by physical behavior as gestures, body posture, eye movement, and facial expressions.

Facial expressions are an important aspect when expressing emotions through the body. The movements of the eye, eyebrows, lips, cheeks help to determine different moods of the person. Body postures and gestures also help us in this. For example, the raising of eyebrows indicates surprise or disbelief whereas shrugging of shoulders indicates indifference.

But it is also important to notice that interpretation of body language is different across different countries and cultures. For examples, making direct eye contact may be considered to be rude in some countries, but in some other countries, direct eye contact may be considered as a feature of honesty and sincerity. Difference Between Body Language and Paralanguage

What is Paralanguage

Paralanguage is also a feature of nonverbal communication where meaning is derived from an individual’s tone, pitch, volume, intonation, etc. Paralanguage may be expressed either consciously or unconsciously. In paralanguage, nonverbal components of speech such as speech speed, pitch of voice, tone, volume, modulation, inflection, accent, and accentuation are observed to understand the emotions conveyed through them. For example, a person talking in a uniform pitch and firm tone conveys a sense of authority. A person speaking in a high pitch and bitter, accusatory tone usually conveys anger.

Silences, pauses, and breaks in speech, as well as respiratory aspects of speech like gasps and sighs, are also studied under paralanguage. These features also help us to determine the feelings and emotions of a person. For example, gasps may be an indication of shock, disgust or disbelief.Main Difference - Body Language vs Paralanguage

Difference Between Body Language and Paralanguage


Body Language refers to gestures, facial expressions, and postures of a person.

Paralanguage refers to non-lexical components of speech such as pitch, tone, intonation, volume, pauses, etc.

Parts of the Body

Body Language is conveyed through the whole body.

Paralanguage is conveyed through the mouth.


Body Language can be expressed through gestures, body posture, eye movement and facial expressions.

Paralanguage can be expressed through nonverbal components of speech such as speech speed, pitch of voice, tone, volume, modulation, inflection, accent and accentuation.

Vision and Hearing

Body Language can be understood through vision or sight.

Paralanguage is understood through hearing.Difference Between Body Language and Paralanguage- infographic

About the Author: Hasa

Hasa has a BA degree in English, French and Translation studies. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food.

Related pages

what is the difference between fettuccine and linguinedifference between a dietician and a nutritionistwhat is the difference between a caribou and a moose2ca o2what's the capital of dubaifair vs fare definitiondefinition of centriolesquinoa and couscouswhat is the difference between transpiration and evaporationwhat is a major difference between mitosis and meiosis iwhat is the difference between a phd and doctoratecaesura examplesmalinois dog vs german shepherdhow are archaebacteria different from eubacteriasubconcious definitiondifference between element and isotopewhats chocolate ganacheapa citation footnotedifference wasp and hornetexamples of understatement in literaturewhat is absorption costing with examplesdefine amorphous solidthe difference between prejudice and racismhomophones and homonyms examplespollination and fertilisationdifferentiate centripetal force from centrifugal forceworld seven star hoteldifference between plant cell and animal cell mitosispolar and nonpolar moleculecaliper micrometerexample of intensive pronoun sentencetypes of consonant soundswhat is the difference between verse and stanzadifference between series and parallel resonance circuithot pink fuschiamacronutrients and micronutrients for plantsscanning electron microscope wikipnp and npn transistor differencewhat is the meaning of three colours in indian flagcomparison of spermatogenesis and oogenesisdefine snuggleexamples of metaphors in lord of the fliesthermoset plastic propertiesdouble entendres definitionprokaryotic and eukaryotic chromosomesspermatogonia definitiondifference between assonance and consonancefairy pixiethrombopoiesis processdefinition of a static charactersimile comparisonexamples of c3 and c4 plantsautophagy vs apoptosisthe difference between aerobic and anaerobic respirationstructural similarities between dna and rnaphrase and idiomfunction of micrometer screw gaugehansel and gretel short story summarywhat is the difference between an analogy and a metaphorstructural formula of glucose and fructosemetaphysical conceit examplesabsorption costing examplessorbet or sherbethow to write a carpe diem poemexamples of an infinitive phrasewhisky and brandy differencetypes of asexual reproduction and examplesdistinguish between the two different species of rhinocerosscientific names of tulsiwhat are the 3 types of archaebacteriathermoplastic bondinghoratian and juvenalian satiremetric tonne definitionwhat are the different kinds of adjectivesmolecular formula of atp