Difference Between Civil Servant and Public Servant

Main Difference – Civil Servant vs Public Servant

Both the terms Civil Servant and Public Servant look the same in the meaning, but there is a slight difference between them. Civil means relating to national, public or social aspects. Public also gives a more or less a similar meaning. However, a civil servant can be defined as a bureaucrat hired by the government to work for the public sector. Public servant, on the other hand, is an elected or appointed member of the government for social or public services. This is the main difference between a civil servant and a public servant. Let us look at the difference between civil servant and public servant in detail.

Who is a Civil Servant

A civil servant can be defined as a selected person for a government department to offer his/her services for the government and for the general public. Usually, a civil servant is selected through a competitive examination or an interview, and he/she should possess required educational and professional qualifications; experience will also be an advantage. A civil servant is usually paid by the government for his/her services. Also, a civil servant can be recognized as a representative of the government as well. A civil servant may stand for the government and provide needed services to the general public. A civil servant’s duties and responsibilities are usually decided by his/her respective department officials. These services may differ from one department to another and one country to another as well. However, a civil servant is an essential part of any government to dispense its services to the general public.

Difference between Civil Servant and Public Servant

Who is a Public Servant

 A public servant can be defined as a person who is elected or appointed by people or higher authorities in order to serve the general public. The term “public servant” is mostly used to refer to the politicians of a country’s government. These public servants always aim to serve common people in different ways. Unlike a civil servant, a public servant does not require educational qualifications or any other experience. It can be said that anybody can become a public servant if they are interested in social service and welfare. Moreover, a public servant does not necessarily work for the government but they are able to work for the society voluntarily. A civil servant may have a set of duties and responsibilities imposed on him/her, but a public servant might not have a set of imposed duties. They can engage in many types of social activities which satisfy the needs of the general public.

Main Difference - Civil Servant vs Public Servant

Difference Between Civil Servant and Public Servant


Civil Servant is an official or a bureaucrat representing the government and who works in an office or a department.

Public Servant is a social worker who is elected or appointed and sometimes works in an office and represent the government.


To be a civil servant, one needs educational and professional qualifications plus experience.

To be a public servant, it is not a necessity to possess educational or professional qualifications.

Duties and Responsibilities

Civil Servant is a given set of duties and responsibilities towards the general public.

Public Servant might not have a set of duties, but their aim is to serve the needy people.

Difference Between Civil Servant and Public Servant- infographic

Image Courtesy:

“US Navy 020614-N-0552D-001 SPAWAR award winning employee” by U.S. Navy photo by Corinna Durn.(Public Domain) via

“111th US Senate class photo” by U.S. Senate, 111th Congress, -. (Public Domain) via

About the Author: admin

Related pages

definition of insulators and conductorshow do you subtract vectorsdifference between relish and chutneymonera eubacteriawhat is the difference between anaerobic and aerobic respirationmeaning of coordinating conjunctionsparallel circuit and series circuit differencedefiniton of dorkstructural formula for sucroseexamples of pure substancewhat is the difference between mitosis and meosismacronutrient examplesrough endoplasmic reticulummeasles versus german measlesdifference dictionary and thesaurusrank above viscountwhat is the difference between phenotype and genotypedifference between a llama and alpacawhat are the differences between anorexia and bulimiasynonym for good fortunewhat are the differences between mitosis and meiosisdialect and languageeffect of scattering light by colloidal particlesexamples of oxymorons in poetrytncs definitionpercent transmittance and absorbanceschizoaffective disorder versus schizophreniawhat are the differences between metals and nonmetalsbull mastiff characteristicsdifference between hydrogen and nuclear bombdistinguish between translation and transcriptiondescribe the modern periodic tablewhat is the definition of acquaintancedictionary and thesaurus bookdifference between an embassy and a consulatemeaning of transnational companyacute vs chronic hepatitis ctuberculoid leprosy and lepromatous leprosyrelationship between glucose and fructosemethanol chemical symboldifference between marzipan and fondantwhat is non inverting amplifiercompound complex sentence with adjective clausenpn and pnp transistor symbolconsumer surplus definedefine literary techniquesindian flag three colours meaningallyl compoundswhat is the meaning of indirect characterizationstructure of cytosinemt tonneessential nonessential amino acidsimperialism characteristicswhats the difference between a tornado and a cyclonewhat is the difference between a convex and concave lens5 examples of concrete nounssclerenchyma definitionhispanic vs latino vs chicanodefine conceitstonicity definition chemistrythe difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cellsdifference between a zygote and embryo2d echo heart testalligator vs crocodile size differencestatic friction and dynamic frictionwhat is the difference between melting and freezingdifference between operant and classicalwhat is a phototrophexplain the difference between genotype and phenotypedifference between transcription and replicationsentence with assent