Difference Between Language and Communication

Main Difference – Language vs Communication

Though Communication and language are two interrelated aspects in our day to day life, it is very important to discern the difference between these two terms. The main difference between language and communication is that communication is the exchange of information by speaking, writing, or by using other medium while language is a tool used for communication.

What Does Communication Mean

Communication is the exchange of information between two or more people by speech, sign, signal or behavior. There are always 4 important elements in communication: transmitter, signal, channel, and receiver. Transmitter is the person who transmits the message, and message is known as the signal. Channel is the medium in which the message is transmitted. Finally, Receiver is the one who receives the message.

Methods of Communication

Written communication involves traditional pen and paper letters and documents, typed electronic documents, e-mails, SMS, etc. conveyed through written symbols such as language.

Oral communication involves spoken word,  face-to-face or through phone, voice chat, video conferencing, or any other medium. 

Nonverbal Communication includes facial expressions, body language and gestures as well as quality, tone, pitch of the voice, etc.

Oral and written communication can also be introduced as linguistic communication while non verbal communication can be named as non linguistic communication. Language vs Communication

What Does Language Mean

Language is an abstract system of symbols and meanings governed by grammatical rules. Basically language can be divided in to oral language (the language we speak/speech) and written language. The study of language is known as linguistic and the person who studies language is referred to as linguist. There are many study areas of language such as syntax, phonology, morphology, semantics etc. 

According to linguists, language is not a static thing, it evolves and changes every day. New words are added to the language constantly while some words go out of usage. Some words also change meaning over the time. For example, the word nice means pleasing and agreeable in today’s society. But in the middle ages, nice meant foolish and ignorant.

There are numerous  languages in the world. In 2015, SIL Ethnologue cataloged 7,102 living human languages. These languages are categorized into language families according to their origins.There are more than 90 language families in the world and Afro-Asiatic (353 languages spoken in Africa and Asia), Austronesian (1,246 languages spoken in Asia and Oceania), Indo-European (430 languages spoken in Asia and Europe, and in European settlements in other parts of the world) are some examples of language families. 

diffence between language and communication

Difference Between Language and Communication

Definition:

Communication: Communication is the exchange of information between two or more people by speech, sign, signal or behavior.

Language: Language is an abstract system of symbols and meanings governed by grammatical rules. 

Interaction:

Communication: Communication involves  interaction between two or more people.

Language: Language can be used by just one person.

Communication:

Communication: Communication is a vast area.

Language: Language is a method of communication.

Priority:

Communication: Communication gives more priority to the message.

Language: Language gives more importance to signs and symbols.

Change:

Communication: The basics of communication does not change.

Language: A living language does not stay static, it changes everyday.

Image Courtesy:
“Transactional comm model” by JasonSWrench – Own work.  via

About the Author: Hasa

Hasa has a BA degree in English, French and Translation studies. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food.


Related pages


zener symbolwhy rolling friction is less than sliding frictionheterochromatin structurechloroplast definition sciencetypes of consonantsthe difference between knitting and crochetsn2 vs sn1 reactionsdifference between sugar in dna and rnadefine polysemyowners equity formuladifference between cilia and microvillistructural formula for fructosewarm blooded meansdifference between a motel and hotel3 examples of autotrophsdamped and undamped natural frequencylinking verb complement examplespnp & npn transistorwhat's the difference between meiosis and mitosisassertive sentence examplestarfish radial symmetrydefinition autotrophswhat is the difference between an introvert and an extrovertcomparison of jfet and mosfetallogenic successionmarginal costing accountinghomophone of stairsample greeting letter to a friendcolloquialisms examplesdifferentiate between inhalation and exhalationwhat is gymnospermwhat is the difference between recessive and dominant genestypes of herbivores carnivores and omnivoresdifferences between flora and faunaassimilation and accommodation examples in adultsis ptfe teflonwhat does msc degree stand forprokaryotic transcription factorsexamples of heteronymbullmastiff characteristicssynecdoche meaning and examplesmrna vs trnadefinition of understatement in literaturesimilarities and differences between autotrophs and heterotrophsmeaning of acculturatedinternal monologue definitionintonation defupthrust definitiondifference between compound and simple pendulumcompare light and electron microscopesbottlenose dolphin skeletondifference between subject and predicatemulti celled organism definitionwhat is the difference between positive and normative economicsdifference between a cathedral and a basilicablank verse refers tois bicarbonate of soda and baking soda the same thingwhich are bigger alligators or crocodilesjack and the beanstalk moral lessonhoney badger and honeyguidetruvia liquiddifferentiate between clause and phrasedifference between orbit and rotationaffixes include prefixes and suffixesphrasal prepositional verbwhat is the difference between a bucket and a pailnitrite ion formuladescribe gold foil experimentedt compared to estdistinguish between transverse waves and longitudinal wavesadjective nominativede jure discrimination exampleswhat is the meaning of alumnadifferent between frog and toadpure substance mixturedifference between psychotic and neurotic disordersexamples of virtues and values