Difference Between Llama and Alpaca

Main Difference – Llama vs Alpaca

Llama and alpaca are two domestic camelid species that belong to family Camelidae of mammalian order Artiodactyla. The camelids were first originated on the North American continent forty million years ago. Some of these animals migrated to Asian and African continents while others migrated to South America. However, all the camelids who lived in North America became extinct. Nevertheless, the descendants of the members who migrated to Asia and Africa, and South America are still surviving today. The camelids including Dromedary camel and Bactrian camel, and their South African cousins include Ilama, alpaca, guanaco, and vicuna live in Asia and Africa. It is believed that these animals were first used for domestic purposes in Peru, about 4000-5000 years ago. Even today, llamas are used to obtain meat, milk, hides and wool, while alpacas are used mainly for wool. These animals are physiologically well adapted to intake and utilize oxygen very efficiently under the low level of atmospheric oxygen at high elevations. The main difference between llama and alpaca is that the lamas have characteristic coarse wool within the range of 20-80 μm diameter, whereas alpacas have longer and finer wool. More details of llama and alpaca and their differences will be discussed in this article.

Llama – Facts, Characteristics and Behaviour

Llama is the largest camelid species living in New World, weighing between 130 to 155 kg. This species is characterized by the presence of relatively coarse wool with a wide range of colors including white, black, shades of brown, red and beige. The coat may have markings patterns from solid to spotted. Llamas have long necks with the height of 5.5 to 6 feet when standing. They live approximately 20 to 25 years. Llamas are browsers that mainly feed on tall Ichu bruch grass vegetation along slopes.

Difference Between Llama and Alpaca

Alpaca – Facts, Characteristics, and Behavior 

Alpaca is one-half of the size of llama and characterized by the presence of coat with longer and finer wool. They weigh between 45-75 kg and are about 4.5 tall at head when standing. Alpacas have 22 coat colors, including white, roan, black, pinto, brown, fawn, rose, red and gray. Based on the type of fleece, there are two types of alpacas. Huacaya fiber is dense and crimped, whereas Suri fiber is white, curly and non-crimped. Unlike llamas, alpacas are mainly used for their wool. An adult alpaca usually produce about 1.8 kg of fleece every year. Their life span is usually about 20-25 years. In South American region, alpacas are only found in high-elevated grounds in Andes of Peru and Bolivia and a small population in northern Chile and northwestern Argentina. They are grazers and prefer to feed on bottomland bofedale vegetation.

Main Difference - Llama vs Alpaca

Difference Between Llama and Alpaca

Scientific Names

Llama is scientifically known as Lama glama.

Alpaca is scientifically known as Vicugna pacos.

Body Size

Llama is larger than alpaca.

Alpaca is half the size of llama.

Characteristic Feature

Llama has relatively coarse wool.

Alpaca has longer and finer wool.


An adult llama weighs between 130-155 kg.

An adult alpaca weighs between 45-75 kg.

Coat Color

Llama wool color is usually white, but also available in black, shades of brown, red, and beige.

Alpaca wool is available in 22 colors including black, white, pinto, brown, red, fawn, rose and gray.

Purpose as a Domestic Animal

Llama is used for meat, wool, milk and hides.

Alpaca is mainly used for wool.Difference between Llama and Alpaca - infographic

Image Courtesy:

“Llama” by Johann “nojhan” Dréo – IMG_1418,  via

“Alpaca” by Johann Dréo from Château-Thierry, France – IMG_1419,  via

About the Author: Yashoda

Yashoda has been a freelance writer in the field of biology for about four years. He is an expert in conducting research related to polymer chemistry and nano-technology. He holds a B.Sc. (Hons) degree in Applied Science and a Master of Science degree in Industrial Chemistry.

Related pages

meiosis plants vs animalsmeningitis vs encephalitismotif literary definitiondifference between spaghetti and vermicelliautosome definition biologydifference between geek and nerdethyl alcohol vs isopropyl alcoholcell division binary fission and mitosisnarrative and descriptive essay exampleszygote to fetusdifferentiate between classical and operant conditioningjargon language examplesgive examples of abstract nounsascorbic acid common namewhat is unisexual flowerpredicate nominative sentenceswhy bharat is called indiawhat is the difference between a codon and an anticodonexample indefinite pronounsnonpolar bond definitionnon inverting configurationdna prokaryotes2d echo cardiogramwhat is the difference between shark and whaleelectrostatic induction definitionintroverts characteristicsdifference between workshop and seminarare mice warm bloodedsimilarities and differences between mitochondria and chloroplastsdefinition of cold bloodedwhat is an infinitive phrasescr and thyristor differencewhat is the difference between gum paste and fondantalkenes physical propertiesdefinition of catabolicwhat is the resistivity of a resistorsyntax dictionrationalism and empiricism compare and contrastdifference between hair straightening and hair rebondingvegetative reproduction of fungiscrew gauge usessimile comparisonwhat is epinephrine secreted byrespiration vs fermentationwhat does smriti meanexamples of diamante poemsconjunction and prepositionmulticellular definitioncytokines chemokinesangle of repose sandexamples for eubacteriachutney and relishdefine dieciousdifference between wax paper and parchmentgram positive diplobacilliwhat is warm blooded animalsample eulogy grandfatherpost office idp formround or flat charactersnostalgia definedhypoxia and hypoxaemiawhat is the definition of litotesnarcolepsy sleep apneadifference between satire and parodysurcharge angledifference between herb and spicewhat is the difference between acculturation and assimilationdifference between diner and dinnermt tonnedeterminers adjectivesdistinguish between constructive interference and destructive interferencecompare and contrast starch and cellulosedefinition of electrical insulatorplateau landform definitionexamples of malapropismdmitri mendeleev periodic table