Difference Between Long and Short Vowels

 Difference Between Long and Short Vowels

There are five vowels in the English language. They are a, e, i, o, u. These vowels can represent a variety of sounds. The length and the sound of a vowel can change according to its position in a word and the pronunciation of that word. Vowels can be classified into long and short vowels based on their length. The main difference between long and short vowels is that long vowels have a long sound whereas short vowels have a short sound.Difference Between Long and Short Vowels - infographic

What are Long Vowels

A long vowel has a long sound. A long vowel sounds like the name of its vowel. For example, the letter ‘a’ in aim is pronounced as  /ā/, or “ayy. The five long vowel sounds in the English language are

‘a’ as in name

‘e’ as in eat

‘i’ as in wine

‘o’ as in go

‘u’ as in human

Given below are some words that contain long vowel sounds.

A: ape,lake, name, date, rain

E: deep, heed, eat, feet, feel

I: wine, bite, hide, kite, ice,

O: oak, boat, long, soak, hope

U: mule, fuse, unite, cubeMain Difference - Long vs Short Vowels

What are Short Vowels

Short vowels are the opposite of long vowels; they produce a short vowel sound. A short vowel sound is produced when the vowel in a syllable is followed by a consonant. This type of syllable is called a closed syllable. Thus, short vowels are caused by closed syllables. Unlike in long vowels, the vowel sound of short vowels is not similar to the name of the vowel. The five short vowel sounds in the English language are,

‘a’ as in fat

‘e’ as in nest

‘i’ as in win

‘o’ as in cot

‘u’ as in cup

Given below are some words that contain short vowel sounds.

A: cat, at, hat, mat, axe, apple, sack

E: set, edge, deck, head, bed, echo

I: bird, panic, pig, tin, bit, hid, ginger

O: hop, sock, ostrich, mop, mock

U: mud, fuss, blunder, up, ugly, underDifference Between Long and Short Vowels

Difference Between Long and Short Vowels

Length of Sound

Long Vowels produce a long vowel sound.

Short Vowels produce a short vowel sound.

Open vs Closed Syllables

Long Vowels are found in open syllables.

Short Vowels are found in closed syllables.

Pronunciation

Long Vowels are pronounced like the actual name of the vowel.

Short Vowels are not pronounced like the name of the vowel.

Sounds

Long Vowels include ā (as in rain), ē (beat), ī (wine), ō (go), and ū (fuse).

Short Vowels include a (as in fat), e (as in rest), i (as in win), o (as in cot), u (as in cup).

About the Author: Hasa

Hasa has a BA degree in English, French and Translation studies. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food.


Related pages


when to use yours faithfully or sincerelyprokaryotic translationsimilarities between carbs and lipidsdifference between unicellular organisms and multicellular organismsadvantage of vernier caliperthe moral of macbethstory of the ugly duckling summarywhat is the difference between footnotes and endnotesdifference between pity and empathydeoxyribose moleculesensory imagery definitionhand roll vs makidifference between allusion and symbolismdefine patronize meformalin and formaldehyde differencecharacteristics of realism and naturalismocd or ocpdhelping verb vs linking verbtypes of animals herbivores carnivores omnivoresdifference between transitive and intransitivedefine serfwhat's the difference between chow mein and chop sueymosfet and igbttension and compression membersformula for cpidistinguish between autotrophs and heterotrophscold and warm blooded animalsexample eulogy for grandfatheracylation of benzenemoral of cinderellaexplain denotation and connotationdiamond poems examplesbicameral unicameralsigma factors in eukaryotesvelocity falling objectdefine aristocratic governmentheavy cream the same as heavy whipping creamcommiserated definitionavalanche diode symboldefine bicameral congressindian flag color meaningshypothyroidism hyperthyroidism differenceintra and intermolecular forcesdrama and playexamples of metonymy and synecdochewhat is the difference between a tree and a shrubspectrophotometrically definitiondifference between yield stress proof stresstone vs mood examplesnursing auxiliary definitionwhat means warm bloodeddefinition of alkali earth metalssoviet union flag during cold warallude meansdifference between monomer and polymeriodimetric titrationsimilarities between sharks and dolphinsdifference between chlorophyll and chloroplastcrystalloid colloiddifference between carcinoma and adenomaunsaturated fats examplescitalopram definitiondefinition of metallic mineralswhat is deuterostomescount the syllablessmooth endoplasmic reticulum locationwhats a doxiewhy rolling friction is less than sliding frictiondifference between brown sugar and raw sugarhoratian satire examplesmeaning facetiousomnivore and herbivoredifference between vegetative and asexual reproductiontracheotomy tracheostomy differencedifference between tachycardia and fibrillation