Difference Between Mania and Hypomania

Main Difference – Mania vs Hypomania

Mania and Hypomania are two conditions which share some common features. As far as the differences between these two terms are considered, it is quite challenging to distinguish one from the other due to the virtually identical nature of presenting symptoms and signs. It is important to know their unique features, in order to establish a proper diagnosis and to choose methods of treatments. According to psychologists, the main difference between mania and hypomania lies in the severity of the illnesses; hypomania is a milder condition than mania.Difference Between Mania and Hypomania- infographic

What is Mania

Mania is a state of mind, characterized by unusually raised mood, lasting for a considerable period of time. The commonest symptoms experienced by a manic person may include boosted self-esteem (grandiosity), insomnia (difficulty in falling asleep), highly talkative nature, euphoric thoughts and emotions, easy distractibility, psychomotor agitation, impaired ability of decision making, increased self-motivation, and frequent engagement in risky activities. For a particular type of mood to be defined as mania, it should make a negative impact on an individual’s quality of life and interfere day to day activities. Some manic patients may even need hospital admission in order to control their risky and agitated behavioral patterns.

Difference Between Mania and Hypomania

A woman suffering from Mania

What is Hypomania

Hypomania, which can be defined as a less severe type of mania, is a mood which is quite harmless and less problematic for affected individuals. Patients will, however, feel an unusual excitement (euphoria) and completeness along with a feeling of well-being and productivity. They may also indicate unusually increased self-esteem, insomnia, talkativeness, flight of ideas or agitated thoughts and increased desire to involve in risky behavioral patterns.

As far as a patient suffering from Bipolar disorder is concerned, an episode of Hypomania can either convert into a manic phase or severe depression at any time.

For a patient to be diagnosed as a hypomanic individual, his mood and behavior should not interfere day to day activities or reduce the quality of life. Also, there should not be any feature suggesting a psychotic condition.

Main Difference - Mania vs Hypomania

Insomnia is a symptom of Hypomania.

Difference Between Mania and Hypomania

Definition

Mania: Mania is an abnormally elated mental state, typically characterized by feelings of euphoria, lack of inhibitions, racing thoughts, diminished need for sleep, talkativeness, risk taking, and irritability.

Hypomania: Hypomania is an abnormal psychological state that is similar to but milder than mania, characterized by an elevated or agitated mood and commonly occurring in people with bipolar disorder.

Severity

Mania: The diagnostic criteria for Mania itself include the capacity to interfere the lifestyle in a negative manner, the requirement of hospital admissions to control severe symptoms and psychotic features.

Hypomania: For a person to be diagnosed as a hypomanic, he should have less severe symptoms which are not serious enough to need hospitalization. These symptoms should not disrupt the quality of life.

Moods

Hypomania: A state of hypomania may also bring happiness and joy to one’s life since the elevated moods do not do any harm or put the lives of affected ones in danger. They may have very pleasant interactions with others in the society and sometimes appear as funny drunkards. However, some individuals may rarely present with an irritable nature where they tend to think that they are being controlled or crushed by a very powerful, inescapable force

Mania: Manic patients will do so many risky things as a result of the raced thoughts, they experience, which will endanger their lives as well the other people’s lives.

On a concluding thought, mania and hypomania are two psychiatric presentations, often appeared as mirror images of one another, yet demarcated by a very thin line of differentiation, which should be identified for the sole purpose of making an accurate diagnosis.

Image Courtesy:

“Friern Hospital, London; a woman suffering from mania, with Wellcome V0029627.jpg” By  (CC BY 4.0) via

“Insomnia” by   via

About the Author: Embogama

Embogama is a passionate freelance writer for several years. Her areas of interest include general medicine, clinical medicine, health and fitness, Ayurveda medicine, psychology, counseling and piano music


Related pages


molecular and ionic compoundsproducer surplus and consumer surpluscentrosome and centromerecatheter stentcitric acid vitamindelusions vs hallucinationwhat is the difference between overdrive and distortiondifference between psychodynamic and psychoanalyticsubordinating conjunction definitiondifference between ionic and covalent bondingdifference between cereals and legumeshow to determine the equilibrium pricewhat chromosome is affected by albinismwhat is the difference between resistivity and resistancedifference between wolves and coyoteswhat constellation is on the australian flagnemesis meanchromosome vs chromatinlinguine vs spaghettichromatin vs chromosomedistinguish between atom and ionwhat is the difference between a unicellular and multicellular organismmitosis and cytokinesisassertive sentencegalvanometer to voltmeterarmagnac vs cognacwhat are colloids and suspensionskinetic friction and static frictionatheist vs deistmandarin vs cantonese mapwhat is alliteration in poetryaction verb or linking verbmicrotubules and microfilamentshow to calculate owner's capitaldefinition for cytokinesisdefinition of bryophytes in biologysubject predicatesthermoplastic and thermosetting plasticscondiments definelife cycle of pteridophytameaning of enunciateshark fin vs dolphin findefine extended metaphordefine hypoglycemia and hyperglycemiadual vs duelthe difference between concave and convexoxymoron poetry definitiontest for chloride ionsdefine aliphatic hydrocarbonsdefinition of literary techniquesredox titration and acid base titrationendoplasmic reticulum rough functionenunciation definitionfunction of nucleoplasmgrammatical syntaxexample of linear momentumdefine satire examplenitrate chemical formulatensile vs shear strengthdefine transnational corporationsdefinition of subordinating conjunctionsanode cathode definitionis maida called all purpose flourcopolymerization definitiondefine phagocytosis and pinocytosiscomparative and superlative form of nicedifference between metaphor and analogywhat is the relationship between stereotyping and prejudicechemical formula for nitrite ionsynonyms for persuademitochondrial dna vs nuclear dnazygote embryodifferences between cyclic and noncyclic photophosphorylationb12 thiaminealkaline earth metal characteristicsdifference between bagel and bread