Difference Between Short Story and Novel

Main Difference – Short Story vs Novel

Short story and novel are both narrative fiction written in prose. The main difference between short story and novel is their length; a short story is generally shorter than a novel as it is intended to be read in a single setting. Short stories generally range anywhere from 1,500 to 30,000 words whereas novels start from about 50,000 words. This word counts are only mentioned to give you a general idea about the length; there is no strict rule saying that these two categories should stay within these boundaries. Due to this difference in length, some other significant differences arise between short stories and novels.

What is a Short Story

A short story is a brief narrative in prose that describes fictional characters and events. Short stories have no set length, but most publisher guidelines indicate the word range to be anywhere from 1,500 to 30,000 words. The most notable characteristic of short stories is that they are meant to be read in a single sitting and designed to produce a single effect.

Short stories have plots and characters, just as novels; however, they are limited in scope in comparison to novels. There are fewer characters and almost no subplots. The action or the events in a short story takes place within a short period of time. Therefore, it may only contain a single setting and few scenes.

The modern short story form emerged in the 19th century and was influenced by oral story-telling traditions, short moralistic narratives of parables and fables.Main Difference - Short Story vs Novel

What is a Novel

Novel is the longest genre of narrative prose fiction in modern literature. It is a long narrative in prose that describes fictional characters and events. According to some publishers’ guidelines, the word count of a novel starts from 50,000. This word count will give you a general idea of the length of a novel. A novel is not necessarily intended to be read in a single sitting or to produce a single effect.

When criticizing and appreciating a novel, special attention is paid to plot, characterization, setting, and themes. Since a novel is lengthier than other prose fiction, it can contain many characters, themes, and subplots which make the content more complex than other literary genres. A novel can also cover a long period of time; some novels span several generations. Unlike a short story, a novel can be divided into chapters and sometimes volumes. Novels can also be categorized into different genres such as supernatural, thriller, fantasy, romance, western, paranormal, etc.Difference Between Short Story and Novel

Difference Between Short Story and Novel


Short Stories are shorter than novels.

Novels are longer than short stories.

Sitting and Effect

Short Stories are intended to be read in a single sitting and designed to produce a single effect.

Novels are not intended to be read in a single sitting and not designed to produce a single effect.


Short Story contains one basic plot.

Novels can contain many subplots and a complex main plot.


Short Stories focus on one or two characters.

Novels can focus on multiple characters.

Time period

Short Stories generally cover a very short time period.

Novels can cover very long periods.Difference Between Short Story and Novel - infographic

Image Courtesy:

“short stories of Katherine Mansfield” by   via

About the Author: admin

Related pages

difference between maid of honor and chief bridesmaiddifference between lying and layingwhat is the difference between bronze and brassrelation between velocity frequency and wavelengthdefine epigram in literatureclassical operantlabrador vs golden retriever vs german shepherdcompare and contrast simile and metaphoradverb and adjective clauses examplesalpha beta gamma radiation chartcolloid osmoticwrite a monologuedefine stigma and discriminationpast tense of buildspelling of forgoantithesis in literatureschizophrenia versus schizoaffective disorderakita vs akita inusimilarities between fungi and protistsowners equity formuladefine valance electronhepatitis abc transmissiondestructive sound wavesdifference between mendeleev periodic table and modern periodic tabledifference between saturated and unsaturated fatty aciddifference between perfume and colognedifference between a recession and depressionautotroph vs heterotrophspherical mirrors wikipediaexample of assimilation in sociologythe definition of rhymema am madamhow to spot fake levis 501 jeansnonvascular seedless plants exampleswhen to use inverted commas and quotation markswhat is the difference between pure honey and raw honeyparallel resonance circuit theorymetaphor and personification examplesmeaning of intermolecular forcesclassic tragediesdifference between blank verse and free versecolorimeters and spectrophotometersphysical properties of saturated fatsdifference between tantalum and electrolytic capacitortriploblastic animalcharacteristics of a shakespearean tragedymass number and atomic mass differencedifferences between ssrisdifference between id ego and superegodefine hypoglycemia and hyperglycemiadifferences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic dnaaccounting rate of return definitionwhat are infinitive phraseshomophone for ascentdifference between saturated and unsaturated moleculesdistillation chemistry definitioncaribou vs moosewarm blooded meaningrelation between tensile strength and shear strengthmeaning didacticinner planets and outer planetstypes of thermosetting polymersangle of repose definitiondistributive adjectives examplesforgo or foregodefine resistance and resistivitykinematic viscosity to dynamic viscosityhow to write a diamantehomogeneous mixture definelatin interrogativesexample of cacophonyformal informal lettersmalamute intelligenceintrastate meaningwrought and cast irondifference between radicle and plumuledifference between monocot and dicot seedskangaroo or wallabyelevator and lift difference