Difference Between Sonogram and Ultrasound

Main Difference – Sonogram vs. Ultrasound

Nowadays, ultrasound scans are quite common in hospitals. Especially, foetuses of pregnant women are frequently scanned using ultrasound to check if the foetus is growing without any medical complications. The term “sonogram” is also one that is used in the context of ultrasound scans. The main difference between sonogram and ultrasound is that ultrasound refers to both a type of sound wave whose frequency is too high for it to be audible to humans and also to a type of medical examination where ultrasound waves are used to investigate the internal organs or foetuses of humans or animals. In contrast, a sonogram is an image produced as a result of an examination using ultrasound.

What is Ultrasound

Ultrasound is the name given to a type of sound waves, whose frequencies are above the human audible range. Humans can hear sounds having frequencies in the range of about 20 – 20 000 Hz. Therefore, ultrasound refers to sound waves whose frequencies are above 20 000 Hz. Although humans cannot hear frequencies above 20 000 Hz, many other animals are able to hear these sounds. For instance, bats are known to use ultrasound to echolocate their prey.

Ultrasound is widely used in medicine to scan internal organs or foetuses. In these scans, ultrasound pulses are sent into the patient’s body using a transducer. The sound wave enters the body and travels through the body. When the sound wave meets a boundary (for instance, a boundary between two organs), the wave is partially reflected back towards the transducer. The strength of the reflection depends on the nature of the boundary.

By measuring the time between the when the pulses were emitted and when they are received back again, the distance between the different organ boundaries could be calculated. By looking at the relative strengths of the reflected pulses, the nature of the boundaries could also be determined.

What is a Sonogram

A sonogram is an image of internal organs or foetuses that can be built up using an ultrasound scan. There are two main types of ultrasound scans: A-scans and B-scans. An A-scan produces a graph that plots the amplitude of the reflected sound waves as a function of time. A B-scan collects this data over a region to produce an image using the data. The video below shows a demonstration of how this is done for the eye:

Sonograms are most frequently used to take images of foetuses. An example of such an image is shown below:

Difference Between Sonogram and Ultrasound - Foetus_sonogram

A sonogram of a foetus

At times, ultrasound scanning is referred to as “sonography“. In this sense, the term sonography refers to the scanning procedure and if an image is produced, it is still called a sonogram.

Difference Between Sonogram and Ultrasound

Definition

Ultrasound refers to either a type of sound wave that has a frequency higher than the audible frequency range for humans, or to a type of medical procedure where a body is scanned in order to glean information about the internal structure of a person or an animal.

Sonogram refers specifically to an image produced as a result of an ultrasound scan.

Image Courtesy

“cooper_20070820 (5)” by sully213 (Own work) [], via 

About the Author: Nipun


Related pages


thermoset thermoplasticvinylicthermoplastic molecular structurewhat is difference between language and dialectdefine intermolecular forcewhat is meant by mnc companydolphins are mammals or fishphototrophs and chemotrophswhat are autotrophs examplessugar iupac nametypes of measlesdefine maroonproverb or adageleast count of steel ruleinformal report samplescarpe diem in literaturemonounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acidspetroleum ether compositioneagerly awaiting or waiting3 examples of autotrophslevis leather tagsentence with consonancesentence with the word bewilderedfructose vs glucose vs sucrosemetric tonne vs tonflair flarepermittivity definition physicspure bicarbonate powderoxymoron definition in literatureacculturation enculturationdifferent breeds of leopardsintramolecular hydrogen bondshruti smritifigurative vs literal languageshiba or akitamosaic down syndrome vs down syndromewhat is difference between polar and nonpolarfable vs folktaledifference between ionic and covalent substancesconvex vs concave lensesdialect definition and exampleswhat are granulocytes and agranulocytesdifference between hiv and hepatitis bwhat is the meaning of recountvitiligo leucodermaquantitative measure of inertiadistinguish between classical and operant conditioningwhat is the difference between patience and patientwhat are the differences between cellular respiration and photosynthesishow sigma and pi bonds are formedumayyad dynasty religionoscillations and simple harmonic motionthe lottery by shirley jackson foreshadowingreading vernier micrometermerits of city lifethe difference between bipolar and borderline personality disordercocci rodshomographs and homophonesionizing and nonionizingdefinition of sardonicallyrefrain in poetrywhats bigger moose or elkformula for cpiwrought iron vs cast irondefinition of litotedifference between cast iron wrought iron and steelsymbol for tensile strengthwhat is the difference between plastic and polymerwhat is the difference between a shark and a whaledifference between nucleoside and nucleotide